Eureka News Now —
Here’s a look at the life of Hu Jintao, former President of the People’s Republic of China.
Date of Birth: December 21, 1942
Place of Birth: Jixi, Anhui Province, China
Birth name: Hu Jintao
Father: Hu Jingzhi, merchant
Mother: Li Wenrui
Marriage: Liu Yongqing
Children: Hu Haifeng; Hu Haiqing
Education: Tsinghua University, 1964
Is the first Chinese leader to start his political career after the 1949 communist revolution.
1964 – Joins the Chinese Communist Party (CCP).
1964-1965 – Postgraduate and Political Lecturer at Tsinghua University, Department of Water Management Engineering.
1965-1968 – Works in Research and Development (R&D) and Political Lecturer at Tsinghua University, Department of Water Management Engineering.
1968-1974 – Works for the Ministry of Water Management, after the Cultural Revolution.
1974-1982 – Worked for the Gansu Provincial Construction Committee in various positions, eventually becoming vice chairman.
1982-1985 – Works for the Secretariat of the Central Committee of the Communist Youth League of China and eventually becomes its head.
1985-1988 – Promoted to Secretary of the Guizhou Provincial Party Committee.
1987-1992 – Member of the 13th CPC Central Committee.
1988-1992 – Secretary of the Party Committee of the Tibet Autonomous Region.
1989 – Chinese military deployed to quell Tibetan protests against China’s rule.
1992-1997 – Member of the 14th CPC Central Committee, Politburo and Standing Committee.
1993-2002 – President of the CPC, Central Party School of the Central Committee.
1997-2002 – Member of the 15th CPC Central Committee, Politburo, Standing Committee and later the Secretariat. Also becomes vice chairman of the 15th CPC Central Committee and the Central Military Commission.
1998-2003 – Vice President of the People’s Republic of China.
1999-2002 – Deputy Chairman of the Central Military Commission of the PRC.
2002 – Becomes a member of the 16th CPC Central Committee, Politburo and Standing Committee. He later becomes general secretary of the 16th CPC Central Committee.
2002-2004 – Vice Chairman of the 16th CPC Central Committee and the Central Military Commission.
2002-2005 – Deputy Chairman of the Central Military Commission of the PRC.
November 2002 – Successor to Jiang Zemin as General Secretary of the Chinese Communist Party.
March 15, 2003 – Election as President of the People’s Republic of China.
September 19, 2004 – Chairman of the 16th CPC Central Committee and the Central Military Commission.
March 13, 2005 – Chairman of the Central Military Commission of the People’s Republic of China.
April 2006 – First State Visit to the United States; meets with US President George W. Bush to discuss trade and North Korea.
January 30 – February 10, 2007 – Does an eight nation tour of Africa. During the trip, Hu negotiated over $1 billion worth of trade deals, loans and debt relief with countries including Liberia, Sudan and South Africa.
May 7, 2008 – The first visit by a Chinese leader to Japan in 10 years.
18-19 November 2008 – Hu makes a two-day visit to Cuba. He meets with former President Fidel Castro and promises that China will give Cuba $78 million in donations and loans.
April 1, 2009 – Meets for the first time with US President Barack Obama during the economic summit in London.
18-21 January 2011 – Traveled to the United States for a four day visit. The visit includes a state dinner at the White House.
November 15, 2012 – Resigns as general secretary of the CPC Central Committee and as chairman of the Central Military Commission (CMC).
March 14, 2013 – Resigned as President of the People’s Republic of China.
October 22, 2022 – At a key Communist Party convention, Hu is repeatedly prevented from seeing official documents in front of him. After a series of exchanges between senior party leaders, he is then escorted out. As Chinese President Xi Jinping begins a norm-breaking third term, Chinese state media tweeted that Hu’s ouster was due to ill health.